By Cherry / Last Updated September 29, 2021

Hard drive diagnostic in Windows 11/10/8/7 is necessary

You may encounter many problems during using Windows 10/8/7 computer, like throwing up errors, crashing or otherwise behaving badly. There are many effects can cause those bad things happen, such as improper shutdowns, bad software, virus attack, etc.

Hard disk errors can result in more heavy problems, like system crash, hard drive failure, data loss or other unexpected accidents. Thus, it is necessary to test hard drive in Windows 11/10/8/7. If you do not know how to do it, read continue to learn the effective three methods.

Check hard drive for errors in Windows 11/10/8/7

To perform hard drive error check on Windows 10/8/7, here we provides you three different ways, and you can choose any way according to your needs.

Method 1. Perform hard drive error check in Windows 10

Here we perform hard drive error check in Windows 10. all you need to do is following the steps below:

1. Click on the Windows Explorer folder icon on your taskbar.

2. Click on This PC menu item on the left-pane.

3. Look for the hard drive icon with the Windows logo.

4. Right-click on the hard drive, then choose Properties.

5. Select the Tools tab, then click the Check button.

6. It will pop-up a progress window, now click the → Scan drive option

7. Windows will scan and fix any errors it encounters.

8. When Windows has finished, click OK to close the Properties window.

When Windows has finished the hard drive error check, restart your PC to see if the problem has been settled.

Method 2. Check and repair disk errors with command prompt

You can also check and repair disk errors by using CHKDSK.exe:

Press Windows + R keys simultaneously to open the Run dialog, input cmd and hit Enter to run the progress as Administrator. When the command prompt opened, you can input commands to solve your problem:

  • If you only want to do hard drive test in Windows 10, you need to type chkdsk and hit Enter to execute the operation.

  • But if you need to check and fix errors that it found on the drive, you need to input chkdskx: /f (x should be the drive letter of any hard drive you want to check.)

  • Another command chkdskx: /f /r /x will execute those operations: /f will locate the bad sectors on the hard drive, /r will recover readable information (not work well every time), and /x will force the drive to dismount before starting (like the screenshot).


There are many other commands you need to know:

  • chkntfs/c. Use with NTFS only. To schedule the volume to be checked the next time the computer is restarted.

  • chkdsk/i. Use with NTFS only. Perform a less vigorous check of index entries, which reduces the amount of time required to run chkdsk.

  • chkdsk/b. Use with NTFS only. Clears the list of bad clusters on the volume and re-scans all allocated and free clusters for errors.

  • chkdsk*.*. Check all files on a FAT disk in the current directory for non-contiguous. It will display a status report, and then lists the files that match the file specifications that have non-contiguous blocks.

  • chkdsk/?. Display help with all commands if covered ones are not what you need.

You may receive the following return codes:

0: no errors were found.

1: errors were found and fixed.

2: Performed disk cleanup (such as garbage collection) or did not perform cleanup because /f was not specified.

3: Could not check the disk, errors could not be fixed, or errors were not fixed because /f was not specified.

Complicated? If you are looking for a simpler and easier way to do hard drive test in Windows 10/8/7. Then the Method 3 would be the best choice.

Method 3. Reliable tool for hard drive test in Windows 11/10/8/7

AOMEI Partition Assistant is a great hard drive partition manager that can help you to test and repair the hard disk health for errors, corruptions and bad sectors and get better performance.

Step 1. Free Download AOMEI Partition Assistant, install it to your Windows PC and launch it. Right-click the drive you need to check, select Advanced -> Check Partition.

Check Partition

Step 2. Select a way in the pop-up window. Click OK to run it.

Check Errors Way

AOMEI Partition Assistant also provides you a feature that you can test whole hard drive in one time.

Step 1. Right-click the disk you need to test, select Surface Test.

Surface Test

Step 2. Tick the box in front of Quick Check and click Start to run the progress.

Start Test System Disk

See, it is simpler and easier to test hard drive in Windows 11/10/8/7 with AOMEI Partition Assistant.

Actually, the AOMEI Partition Assistant can do a lot for you. For example, if you have meet non system disk or disk error during Windows installation, you can use it to fix the MBR error via Rebuild MBR. Besides, it is a great partition manger that can help you manage partition hard drive easier than Windows Disk Management. It also provides AOMEI Partition Assistant Server for Windows Server 2019/2016/2012/2008/2003 users.