Fixed: Unallocated Space on 4TB Hard Drive that Only Shows 2TB

If you find your 4TB hard drive only shows 2TB space and the rest storage shows unallocated space in your Windows 11/10/8/7, don't worry since here we will explain why the unallocated space appears on 4TB drive and how to deal with it safely.


By Emily / Updated on March 5, 2024

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4TB hard drive shows only 2TB in Windows?

After migrating from 1.5TB hard drive to 4TB hard drive, you might find that 4TB hard drive shows as 2TB or 1.6 TB in Disk Management, and the rest of the space shows unallocated space after cloning.

Options Greyed Out

Right-click on the unallocated space, and you will find all options except Properties and Help are grayed out. So you cannot create a new volume with the unused space. If you want to extend volume on the primary partition, you would possibly get the error message as follows: Only the first 2TB are usable on large MBR disks. Cannot create partitions beyond the 2TB mark, nor convert the disk to dynamic.

First 2TB Usable

There would be 4TB hard drive unallocated after installing if you just bought it. You are likely to make use of only 2TB of that big-size hard disk when you want to create new partitions. Why would this happen? And how can you make full use of the large disk?

Why does a 4TB hard drive only shows 2TB?

The problem is the partition table of the 4TB hard drive is MBR, which supports only up to 2 TB data density. 

MBR and GPT are two different partition schemes for hard disks. When you install a new disk on your computer, your PC will ask you to choose one partitioning type. The partitions were organized using a scheme called the Master Boot Record (MBR) which is the most widely used partition scheme in personal computers. If your disk is smaller than 2TB, you can choose MBR.

However, the MBR scheme was designed for early computers and was not flexible enough to accommodate newer disk configurations. Modern computers and systems may need some specific features of another option to offer you a better experience.

So, GPT partition scheme appears. The GUID Partition Table (GPT) was introduced as part of the UEFI (Unified Extensible Firmware Interface) initiative. GPT provides a more flexible mechanism for partitioning disks than the MBR partitioning scheme that was common to PCs.

Namely, it can support a hard disk that is larger than 2TB. So you need to convert the 4TB hard disk drive with unallocated space from the MBR partitioning scheme to GPT.


Fix unallocated space on 4TB hard drive by converting to GPT

From above, we know the solution to unallocated space on 4TB hard disk is to convert it to GPT. Well, how to convert MBR to GPT? This can be done via Windows built-in Disk Management and DiskPart.exe tool. But both of them require you to delete all existing partitions on the disk first, then you can successfully convert it to GPT. Otherwise, you will encounter Convert to GPT Disk greyed out issue or receive virtual disk service errors.

So, you can turn to reliable and powerful partitioning software since you already have contents on the 4TB hard drive and don’t want to lose everything on it. For this task, AOMEI Partition Assistant Professional is highly recommended. This partition manager is compatible with Windows 11/10/8/7, allowing you to convert 4TB MBR data disk to GPT without losing data/deleting partitions. It has a user-friendly interface, download it to have a try.

Free DownloadWin 11/10/8.1/8/7
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Step 1. Install and launch Partition Assistant Professional. Right-click the hard drive you want to convert and select Convert to GPT.

Step 2. Click OK in the pop-up window to confirm the operation.


Step 3. Now you will find the partitioning scheme has turned into GPT.  Click Apply after your confirmation.


If you want to convert system disk to GPT without data loss, AOMEI Partition Assistant Professional can also help.
For system boot disk conversion between MBR and GPT styles, to guarantee system bootable, you need to enter BIOS and change the boot settings after MBR to GPT conversion is completed.
For conversion between MBR and GPT disks on the Laptop, please make sure the power supply is sufficient.
To ensure the data is consistent, do not abnormally terminate the program during the conversion process.

The conversion from MBR to GPT could be done within only 3  steps. After the conversion, you can allocate unallocated space on 4 TB hard drive to other primary partitions or create new volume.  To create a new partition, the Disk Management is enough. If you plan to add the unallocated space on 4TB hard drive to another partition, it is recommended to use the AOMEI Partition Assistant Professional, its "Merge Partitions" can directly merge unallocated space into partition by 3 steps.



From the snapshots, you may know AOMEI Partition Assistant can help you solve many other practical problems, like converting FAT32 file system to NTFS in Windows 7, migrating Windows OS from one SSD to another SSD, and creating bootable USB drive.

Besides, AOMEI Partition Assistant Professional and AOMEI Partition Assistant Server, as the advanced editions, are embedded more powerful features. For example, you can allocate free space directly from data partition to system drive and migrate OS from GPT disk to GPT disk using Professional. The latter one is designed for Windows Server users.

FAQs about unallocated space on 4TB hard drive

1. What is unallocated space on a 4TB hard drive?
Unallocated space refers to the portion of a 4TB hard drive that has not been assigned to any partition or file system. It essentially sits unused and unutilized until it is allocated for storage purposes.

2. Why does unallocated space occur on a 4TB hard drive?
Unallocated space can occur due to various reasons such as incomplete partitioning during formatting, deleting partitions, or resizing partitions. It can also result from manufacturing processes where the entire disk capacity isn't allocated for specific partitions.

3. Can unallocated space be utilized for storage purposes?
Yes, unallocated space can be utilized by creating new partitions or extending existing partitions to incorporate the unallocated space. This allows you to maximize the storage capacity of your 4TB hard drive.

4. What precautions should I take before allocating unallocated space on my 4TB hard drive?
Before allocating unallocated space, ensure that you have backed up important data. Partitioning or resizing partitions can potentially lead to data loss if not done correctly. It's also advisable to consult with a professional or refer to reliable resources for guidance.

5. What are the benefits of effectively managing unallocated space on a 4TB hard drive?
Effectively managing unallocated space allows you to optimize storage capacity, improve disk performance, and organize data more efficiently. It also helps prevent potential issues such as data fragmentation and ensures smooth operation of your system.

Emily · Staff Editor
Emily is an English editor of AOMEI Technology; she has a great passion for providing easy solutions for people to tackle with all disk or partition management problems. In addition to writing articles about disk/partition management, she also edits great tutorials on how to back up and restore disk for data security. In her spare time, she loves to learn computer skill to improve herself or stay with her family to enjoy a good day.