What is M.2 SSD?
Recently, lots of people posted a question that how to clone a hard disk to M.2 SSD on many forums. So what is M.2 SSD?
M.2 SSD is a new gerneration of solid state drive (SSD). it is much faster than a regular SSD. A M.2 SSD with NVMe protocol directly connect with motherboard giving a much faster speed to transfer data, which can reach to 3500MB/S, while other SSD deliver read/write speed of between 200 MB/s to 550 MB/s. But it is worth mentioning that the performance of a AHCI M.2 SSD is the same with that of SATA SSD.
Besides, M.2 SSDs are much smaller than nomal SATA SSDs. they are the size of a chewing gum without a shell making it easy to be placed inside a PC case, even a laptop that does not have room for a regular SSD.
Now, we can draw a conclusion that the better performance and smaller size are the 2 most important reason why people want to transfer data to M.2 SSD. Next, we will demonstrate you how to clone HDD to M.2 SSD with ease.
Choose a correct version of M.2 SSD
Before rushing to buy a M.2 SSD, you need to know what M.2 SSD interface your computer supports. Look for a slot about one inch on your motherboard. Usually, it is labeled with SATA or PCIe or SATA/PCIe. Pay attention to the label, because you need to buy a matching M.2 SSD. If you don’t see the slot, you need to buy a corresponding adapter.
If you have already had an M.2 SSD but you don’t know which type you have. You can look at the notches on the connector. A PCIe M.2 SSD has only one notch while a SATA M.2 SSD has two notches on the connector.
And then, unscrew the M.2 slot and carefully insert your M.2 SSD into motherboard. In some situations, for instance, a computer is BIOS system, SSD won’t show up on computer, you need to fix it manually.
Choose a proper M.2 (NVMe) SSD cloner
If you just bought a new M.2 NVMe SSD drive, you might be wondering how to transfer data from old disk to the new SSD. In fact, you can employ a piece of M.2 SSD cloning software-AOMEI Partition Assistant Professional. This powerful SSD cloner allows you to migrate all data and softwares to your SSD easily and effectively with its amazing features.
It supports to copy a large disk to smaller one thanks to its “Copy Disk Quickly”. As long as the available space on the destination disk is not smaller than the used space of source disk.
It supports different Windows operating systems. Whether your operating system is Windows 10/8/7, Vista or XP, you can clone disk successfully.
It assists you in copying only one partition to SSD/HDD. If there is only one partition you want to clone, it will save your energy to delete other partitions you don’t need.
This cloner enables you to boot from the destination disk after cloning operating system to it. It will migrate all partitions that are important for system bootup.
AOMEI Partition Assistant supports 4K alignment that can increase the reading and writing speed of data, the performance of your computer will be improved.
How to clone HDD to M.2 SSD in Windows 10/8/7 step by step?
Connect the M.2 SSD to your computer, install and launch the AOMEI Partition Assistant Professional. You can click the following button to download demo version to have a try.
The data on the target disk will be deleted after cloning, please make a backup of them with AOMEI Backupper beforehand.
If you are planning to clone MBR system disk to the NVMe M.2 SSD drive, which needs to be of GPT partition table when it is used as a bootable disk, you need to make sure your motherboard should support UEFI boot mode, since you have to change BIOS to UEFI after clone.
Step 1. Right-click the HDD you plan to clone, and click “Copy Disk”.
Step 2. In the Disk Copy Wizard window, you can choose a way to clone HDD to M.2 SSD. Here we choose “Copy Disk Quickly”.
Copy Disk Quickly: only copy used space of source disk, allowing you to clone larger disk to smaller one as long as the capacity of destination disk is not smaller than that of the used space.
Sector-by-Sector Copy: copy all sectors of the disk to a target disk no matter it is used or not, so the capacity of destination disk must be larger than or equal to the capacity of source disk.
Step 3.Choose the destination disk. Here we choose Disk 3. Since the destination disk is SSD, check the “Optimize the performance of SSD”. Then click “Next”.
Step 4. In the pop-up window, you will be prompt that all data on this selected destination disk will be wiped out. Ensure you have backed up important data, and click “Yes”.
Step 5. In this window, you can adjust the partition on the destination disk. Choose what you need, after finishing the adjustment, and click “Next”.
Copy without resizing partition: Keeping the size of source partitions. If the destination disk is smaller than source disk, it will be greyed out.
Fit partitions to entire disk: The program automatically adjusts the size of partition to fit the disk.
Edit partitions on this disk: You can resize partitions as your wish.
Step 6. You will be noted that how to boot from the destination disk if you encounter a boot problem after cloning. Then click “Finish”.
Step 7. In the main interface, click “Apply” and “Proceed” to start migrating HDD to M.2 SSD.
● Additional: Clone Windows OS to M.2 SSD
AOMEI Partition Assistant also support only cloning Windows system partition to a M.2 SSD. Open AOMEI Partition Assistant, click "Migrate OS to SSD" in the main interface. And the rest of the steps resemble with cloning the whole disk, choosing destination disk, choose clone method. And don't forget to click "Apply" > "Proceed" in the main interface.
Boot from the cloned M.2 SSD
Follow the above steps, and restart your computer to set the cloned M.2 SSD as the boot drive.
Step 1. During the process of restarting, long press “F2” to “Enter Setup”.
Step 2. And choose “Change boot order” then set the cloned M.2 SSD as boot drive.
Step 3. Press "Enter". Now you can boot the computer from the SSD successfully.
If you want to replace your old HDD with M.2 SSD, or your computer can only put one hard drive, disconnect your HDD from computer and plug in M.2 SSD right where it used to be. System will boot directly on your new SSD.
This is how to clone HDD to M.2 SSD. In order to boot from the destination NVMe M.2 SSD successfully, please change the BIOS boot mode to UEFI if the source system disk is of MBR. By the way, after the cloning finish, if you find your cloned M.2 SSD won’t boot, you can refer to this link to fix it.
In addition, If you are running with Windows Server OS, there are AOMEI Partition Assistant Server Edition for you.