By AOMEI / Last Updated December 12, 2019

If you’ve got an external hard drive or USB flash drive formatted with the FAT32 file system in Windows 10, you might need to convert FAT32 to NTFS in Windows 10 for some reasons.

NTFS & FAT32

FAT32 is a legacy file system created in 1980s and was used by default with a number of Windows versions. It only supports the maximum partition capacity of 32 GB in Windows, 2TB on MacOS. Besides, a single file stored on the FAT32 partition cannot exceed 4GB. That’s might be the main reason for which users want to convert FAT32 to NTFS in Windows 10.

By contrast, NTFS(New Technology File System) is a modern file system for computer hard drive. It provides several improvements over the earlier FAT file system, including file and folder permissions, encryption, and file compression.

  • Support larger partition and file size (No realistic file-size or partition size limits.).

  • More efficient disk space management.

  • Support partition, folder and file compression.

  • Reasonable system sources allocation improves system security.

  • Access permission for shared source, folder and file enables higher security.

How to convert FAT32 to NTFS in Windows 10 without data loss?

To change FAT32 file system to NTFS, there are three methods available.

Method 1: Convert FAT32 to NTFS in Windows 10 using CMD

CMD, cmd (after its command name) or cmd.exe (after its executable file name), also known as Command Prompt, is the command-line interpreter built into Windows OS. It can help users to manage disk partition through running different commands such as formatting partition, deleting partition, copying partition, etc.

To convert FAT32 to NTFS in Windows 10 with Command Prompt, you should do the following.

Step 1. Press “Windows + R” to start Run. Type “cmd” and hit “Enter”. If you want to convert partition D to NTFS file system, in command prompt, type: “convert D: /fs:ntfs”.

Command Line

Step 2. Then you will be asked to type the current volume label of the drive. After entering the label name, the conversion process will start. Once it gets completed, you will get a message in command prompt saying Conversion Complete.

Limitations of converting FAT32 to NTFS with Command Prompt:

  • Once you convert FAT to NTFS, you cannot convert it back to FAT or FAT32 and you will receive an error message saying “Convert is not available for NTFS drive”. You will need to reformat the drive or partition to FAT32.

Convert Not Available For Ntfs Drive

  • Converting FAT32 to NTFS Windows 10 with cmd is easy to handle. However, if you receive error message Conversion from FAT32 to NTFS is not available, you have to fix those errors one by one and then complete conversion, in this way, it would be troublesome.

Method 2. Format FAT32 to NTFS Windows 10 with Disk Management

Similar to Command Prompt, Disk Management is also a native partition tool for Windows 10 and other operating system. It is also able to change FAT32 to NTFS by formatting. So in order to convert FAT32 to NTFS without data loss, please backup the partition you will format in advance because this formatting process will delete everything inside.

Step 1. Press “Windows + R” to start Run. Type “diskmgmt.msc” and click OK. Right-click the partition you want to convert and select “Format…”.

Click Format

Step 2. Type the volume label, select NTFS. By default, perform a quick format. Then click "OK".

Format D

After converting the FAT32 file system to NTFS, you can restore the partition image to the NTFS partition.

Method 3: Convert FAT32 to NTFS Windows 10 without data loss via partition software

If you want to convert FAT32 to NTFS, or NTFS to FAT32 without data loss and formatting, the best way is to use a third-party partition management tool like AOMEI Partition Assistant Professional.

This versatile software comes with a special function:NTFS to FAT32 Converter. It allows you to change file systems between FAT32 and NTFS without data loss or formatting in Windows 10/8/7 and Windows XP/Vista (all editions).

Step 1. Install and launch the AOMEI Partition Assistant Professional.

Step 2. Right click the partition you want to convert and choose “Advanced”, then click “Convert to NTFS”.

Convert To Ntfs

Step 3. Click "OK" in mini window.

Prompt

Step 4. Click “Apply” to start performing the conversion.

Apply

Or you can click “All Tools” > “NTFS to FAT32 Converter”, choose “FAT32 to NTFS”, then click “next”. Find the partition you want to convert and click “next”. At last, click Proceed to confirm the operation.

Ntfs To Fat32 Converter

See, with the help of AOMEI Partition Assistant Professional, you do not have to format the partition and worry about data loss. However, in order to avoid data loss caused by sudden power failure and other uncontrollable issues, it is always a great idea to back up important files or folders beforehand.

Other great features you might be interested in:
Move partition to another location
● Format partition to Ext4/Ext3/Ext2 on Windows
● Split a large partition into two smaller ones
● Extend NTFS system partition without rebooting the computer
● Allocate free space from one partition to another one
Change partition serial number
● Quick partition a large hard disk within two clicks.

Summary

Basically, you have three ways to convert FAT32 to NTFS Windows 10, all of which requires little time and efforts. To change FAT32 to NTFS or vice versa without data loss, AOMEI Partition Assistant Professional is highly recommended. If you are converting file systems between FAT32 and NTFS in Server computer, you can try AOMEI Partition Assistant Server instead.